Which of the following foods is not specifically linked to a reduced risk of heart disease?
Grape juice

The fiber in which of the following foods will lead to a reduction of blood cholesterol?

Whole-grain bread
Brown rice
Bran cereal

What percentage of total deaths in the United States is linked to heart disease?


Which of the following conditions is not linked to metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions that vastly increases the risk for development of heart disease?

Kidney disease
Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
High total cholesterol
Insulin resistance
Abdominal obesity

How many calories are contained in each gram of fat?

2 calories
3 calories
6 calories
9 calories
12 calories

Which of the following oils is high in saturated fat?

Canola oil
Palm oil
Safflower oil
Corn oil
Soybean oil

How much soy should you eat each day to lower cholesterol levels?

5 grams (g)
10 g
15 g
20 g
25 g

If you are trying to reduce your sodium intake, it is recommended that one serving of any food should not contain more than __ milligrams (mg) of sodium?

100 mg
200 mg
300 mg
400 mg
500 mg

Potassium is shown to reduce blood pressure in humans. Which of the following foods is not high in potassium?

Green, seedless grapes
Oranges and orange juice

Which of the following is a lean cut of beef?

80%/20% ground beef
T-bone steak
Chuck blade roast


Garlic, oats, grape juice, and nuts all are proven to reduce cholesterol levels and the risk of heart disease. A high intake of fruits and vegetables is proven to lead to better heart health, but no specific citation mentioning the benefits of corn exists.

.e. Oats
Whole-grain bread, brown rice, bran cereal, and carrots all contain insoluble fiber. Oats contain soluble fiber, which binds with bile and prevents the absorption of cholesterol. However, both soluble and insoluble fibers are good for you, and you should try to eat as much fiber as possible.

According to the National Center for Health Statistics and the American Heart Association, cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of mortality in the United States, accounting for 40.1% of all deaths.

.a.Kidney disease
Metabolic syndrome is diagnosed if any of the following three conditions are present:
Waist circumference >40″ in males or >35″ in females
Triglycerides 150, HDL cholesterol ≤40 mg/deciliter (dL) in men or ≤50 mg/dL in females, blood pressure 130/85 millimeters of mercury (mmHg)
Fasting glucose 110 mg/dL

.d.9 calories
Each gram of fat contains 9 calories. For comparison, each gram of carbohydrate or protein contains 4 calories.

.b.Palm oil
Canola, safflower, corn, and soybean oils are all unsaturated oils. Other unsaturated oils are olive oil, cottonseed oil, wheat-germ oil, flaxseed oil, sunflower oil, and peanut oil.

.e.25 g
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved a health claim for soy foods?consuming 25 g/day, when combined with a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fat, may reduce the risk of heart disease.

.d.400 mg
People trying to reduce their sodium intake should read food labels carefully and choose foods that contain less than 400 mg of sodium/serving.

.a.Green, seedless grapes
All of the other food choices are good sources of potassium.

All of the other choices are high in fat and cholesterol, and people who are at high risk for developing heart disease or who already are diagnosed with heart disease should avoid eating these cuts of beef.